Game and Nature Reserve

Bohemian Switzerland , also known as Czech Switzerland, is a picturesque region in the north-western Czech Republic. It lies on the Czech side of the Elbe Sandstone Mountains north of Děčín on both sides of the Elbe River. It extends eastward into the Lusatian Mountains and westward into the Ore Mountains. Its highest elevation is the mountain Děčínský Sněžník at 726m above sea level.

Krkonoše National Park (Czech: Krkonošský národní park, often abbreviated as KRNAP) is a national park in the Liberec and Hradec Králové regions of the Czech Republic. It lies in the Krkonoše Mountains which is the highest range of the country. The park has also been listed as a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve site. It borders Karkonosze National Park in Poland. Krkonoše’s highest mountain is Snow Mountain.

Podyjí National Park is a national park in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic. Adjacent to Austria’s Thayatal National Park on the border, together they are referred to as the Inter-National park. Podyjí is one of the Czech Republic’s four national parks. It protects near-natural forests along the deep Dyje River valley. The well-preserved state of the biome of the park is cited as being unique in Central Europe.

Šumava National Park is a national park in the South Bohemian Regions of the Czech Republic along the border with Germany (where the smaller adjacent Bavarian Forest National Park lies) and Austria. They protect a little-inhabited area of the mountain range of the same name, the Šumava. Since 1990 it has been a protected biosphere reserve of UNESCO. The Šumava Range is covered by the most extensive forest in Central Europe, whose natural composition was, however, changed and today spruce plantations prevail in most of the area. In many places non-native spruce varieties were planted. These are not well adapted to the harsh local climate and are therefore susceptible to a range of elements, such as strong winds (e.g. in the 1980s or recently at the beginning of 2007) and bark beetle (Ips typographus). Numerous large plateaux with raised peat bogs, glacial lakes and remnants of primeval forests (e.g. Boubín) complete a mosaic of habitats which are little disturbed by human settlements as most of the predominantly German speaking inhabitants were expelled after the World War II and the area became a part of the deserted zone along the Eastern Bloc border. Since the 1970s there has existed a stable population of lynxes.

A popular tourist destination with Prague residents is the Prokopské and Dalejské Valleys nature reserve (Prokopské and Dalejské údolí) in the southwest area of Prague. The nature reserve is easily accessible from the surrounding Prague quarters of Jinonice, Hlubočepy, Butovice, Řeporyje and Barrandov. The western part of the park is formed by the Dalejské valley, which spreads along the Dalejský potok stream. From its confluence with the Prokopský potok stream the nature reserve is called Prokopské Valley. Thanks to several hiking trails the park is an ideal place for long walks. Dalejské and Prokopské Valleys were declared a nature reserve in 1993 thanks to the occurrence of protected plants, deposit of fossils and its karst area presenting the northernmost part of the Czech Karst. In the nature reserve there are many places with beautiful and often unusual views of Prague and other places. Visitors to the valley reserve like to stop by the Hlubočepy’s Jezírko (Small Lake), a water-filled former limestone quarry. The local railroad track is not only a means of transport, but also a historical attraction – one of the two railway lines leads through the valley, while the so-called Prague Semmering passes over Hlubočepy on two high viaducts.

 

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